Wednesday, 27 November 2013

SISI NURSE: THE RIGHT METHOD IS THE ONE THAT SUITS YOU

SISI NURSE: THE RIGHT METHOD IS THE ONE THAT SUITS YOU: Family planning/child spacing/conception control is available to help individuals and couples to choose if and when they will have a child...

THE RIGHT METHOD IS THE ONE THAT SUITS YOU

Family planning/child spacing/conception control is available to help individuals and couples to choose if and when they will have a child(family planning),or to choose the number of children that they will have(family limitation).The principle of choice is very important,as it includes not only the choice of using family planning,but the choice of the method most suitable for the individiual/couple.
Using contraception can help to avoid unwanted pregnancies and space births;protect against STIs,including HIV/AIDS;and provide other health benefits.
Efficacy of all contraceptives is based on correct and consisitent use.There's a suitable method for everyone,you can choose from the various methods.

ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE PILLS
This method is good for women who:
  • want effective short or long term child spacing.
  • are breast-feeding a baby who is less than 6 weeks old.
  • are primarily breast-feeding between 6 weeks and 6 months since giving birth.
  • can take a pill everyday.
Effectiveness is 92-99% with correct and consistent use

INJECTABLES
This method is good for women who:
  • want long-term child spacing.
  • prefer a method that lasts 2 to 3months
  • are breast-feeding a baby more than 6 weeks old
Effectiveness is 99+%

IMPLANTS
This method is suitable for women who:
  • want long-term child spacing.
  • prefer a method that last up to 3 to 5years
  • are breast-feeding a baby more than 6 weeks old
Effectiveness is 99+%

COITUS INTERRUPTUS
This method is also known as 'withdrawal method' i.e withdrawal of the penis from the vagina just before ejaculation.This requires a great deal of self control.The risk of pregnancy is high.

CONDOMS
This method(male condoms) is good for men who:
  • can use it every time they have sex.
  • do not want children at the moment.
  • want protection against STIs,including HIV/AIDS.
Effectiveness is 98% with correct and consistent use
It(female condoms) is also good for women who:
  • can use it every time they have sex
  • do not want to get pregnant at the moment.
  • want protection against STIs,including HIV/AIDS.
  • are breast-feeding.
Effectiveness is 86-97% with correct and consistent use.

PERIODIC ABSTINENCE
This is also known as the safe period or natural family planning.This method is good for women who:
  • have co-operation and  full commitment of their partners.
  • have regular menstrual cycles.
  • are not at risk of STIs.
  • are breastfeeding
  • are able to keep careful daily records of menstrual cycles and body changes.
  • can avoid or have protected sex during their fertile days(she can determine her safe period by calculating the date of ovulation in each cycle,and then subtracting three days from that day in the shortest cycle and adding three days in the longest cycle.Temperature method and mucus method can be used in monitoring ovulation).
Efectiveness is 80% with correct and consistent use

VAGINAL DIAPHRAGM
It is also known as 'Dutch cap'.This method is good for women who:
  • can use it every time they have sex.
  • are able to choose the correct size and wear it correctly and consistently.
  • are breast-feeding.
Effectiveness is 80-94% with correct and consistent use

INTRAUTERINE CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICE(IUCD)
This method is good for women who:
  • wish to avoid pregnancy has an advantage over pills.
  • want short or long-term child spacing.
  • cannot use hormonal methods
  • are breast-feeding.
Effectiveness is 99+%

TUBAL LIGATION
This is a permanent method of birth control which will require surgery.This involves cutting out a portion of the oviducts.It is good for women who:
  • have completed their family size.
  • do not expect to reverse the operation.
  • should not have more children for health reasons.
Effectiveness is 99+%

VASECTOMY
It merely prevents the sperm from being ejaculated.The operation is relatively simple,a small segment of the vas deferens is cut out.It is good for men who:
  • have completed their family size
  • do not expect to reverse the operation.
Effectiveness is 99+%


BE WISE!!!! SEE YOUR HEALTH PROVIDER AND MAKE A CHOICE NOW








 

Saturday, 26 October 2013

CHOLERA!!!! AN INFECTIOUS DISEASE

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine that causes a large amount of diarrhea and vomiting.It is caused by the bacterium vibrio cholerae.If untreated,it can lead to severe dehydration and even death.The disease is most common in places with poor sanitation,overcrowding,war and famine.
Vibrio cholerae,the bacterium that causes cholera is usually found in food or water contaminated by human waste e.g faeces from a person with the infection.The common sources are:
  • Foods and drinks sold by street vendors.
  • Vegetables grown with water containing human wastes.
  • Raw or undercooked meat,fish and seafoods caught in waters polluted with sewage.
  • Unpeeled fruits and vegetables.
  • Unpasteurized milk and dairy products.e.t.c.
When an individual consumes the contaminated food or water,the bacterium releases a toxin in the intestines that produces severe diarrhea.The symptoms begins as soon as a few hours or as long as five days after exposure to vibrio cholerae.The symptoms include:
  • Vomiting.
  • Severe watery diarrhea a.k.a rice-water stool.
  • Dehydration as a result of vomiting and diarrhea.
  • Low blood pressure.
  • Rapid heart rate.
  • Dryness of the mouth,throat,nose,e.t.c.
  • Thirst.
  • Muscle cramps
  • Shock and death could occur if untreated promptly.
However,cholera can be prevented by observing the following measures:
  • Ensure you drink water that has been either boiled or adequately disinfected or bottled water.
  • Ensure strict personal and environmental hygiene.
  • Proper and regular handwashing before and after toilet use
  • Proper washing of dishes and kitchen utensils.
  • Adequate washing of fruits and vegetables before consumption.


Once you develop severe,watery diarrhea and/or vomiting,seek medical attention immediately(visit a hospital),its important to get treatment as quickly as possible,delay may lead to shock or even death.

Sunday, 20 October 2013

RELIEF OF CHOKING

Choking occurs when food or an object/foreign body gets stuck in a person's throat(airway),thereby obstructing the individual's breathing.It  can also be referred to as foreign-body airway obstruction.Foreign bodies may cause a range of symptoms from mild to severe airway obstruction.
       
    SIGNS OF CHOKING
1.Inability to breathe or difficulty in breathing.
2.Forceful coughing.
3.Inability to speak.
4.Clutching the neck with the thumb and fingers.
5.High pitched noise while inhaling.e.t.c

    INTERVENTION
Use abdominal thrusts(Heimlich maneuver) to relieve choking in a victim 1 year of age or older.Follow these steps to perform abdominal thrusts on a victim who is standing or sitting.
1.Stand or kneel behind the victim  and wrap your arms around the victim's waist.
2.Make a fist with one hand.
3.Place the thumb side of your fist against the victim's abdomen(belly),in the midline ,slightly above the navel and well below the breastbone.
4.Grasp your fist with your other hand and press your fist into the victim's abdomen with a quick,forceful upward thrust(jerk).
5.Repeat thrusts until object is expelled from the airway(throat).
If the victim is pregnant or obese perform chest thrusts instead of abdominal thrusts.Follow these steps to perform chest thrusts.
1.Position yourself at the victim's side.
2.Make sure the victim is lying faceup on a firm,flat surface.
3.Put the heel of one hand on the center of the victim's chest on the lower half of  the breastbone.
4.Put the heel of your other hand on top of  the first hand.
5.Straighten your arms and position your shoulders directly over your hands.
6.Push hard and fast.
7.Repeat until object is expelled.
You can tell if you have successfully removed an airway obstruction if :
1.victim breaths without difficulty
2.you see and remove foreign body from the victim's mouth.

     

         

Tuesday, 15 October 2013

CONSTIPATION

    Constipation is a term used to describe abnormal infrequency or irregularity of
defecation,abnormal hardening of stools that make their passage difficult and sometimes painful,a decrease in stool volume or retention of stool in the rectum for a prolonged period.In other words,a person who has had hard stools and has not had a bowel movement for two or more days is said to be constipated.Any variation from normal habits may be considered a problem.
 
     Constipation may be as a result of the following:
1.Dietary habits i.e low consumption of fiber,fruits,vegetables.
2.Inadequate fluid intake.
3.Lack of regular exercise.
4.Ignoring the urge to defecate
5.Immobility.
6.Fatigue/weakness
7.Stress-filled life
8.Certain medications e.g antihypertensives
9.Rectal or anal disorders e.g haemorrhoids(pile)
10.Tumour e.g cancer of the bowel e.t.c
    
       Constipation can be prevented or managed by doing the following:
1.Intake of at least 2L of water daily to provide adequate hydration.
2.Intake of high-fiber foods to promote the bulk in the stool and to make it easier to pass faeces through the rectum.
3.Always heed the urge to defecate as promptly as possible.
4.Regular exercises helps to strengthen abdominal muscles and thus enhances regular bowel movements
5.Bowel habit training.

Sunday, 6 October 2013

INTRODUCTION

Hello everyone,
      My name is Opeyemi Ayandele,I'm a registered nurse.I would like to educate you on home remedies/first aid treatments as well as how you can manage minor illnesses in the absence of a medical professional or before you get access to a medical facilty.I promise you a great time here on my blog.You can always drop your comments and ofcourse questions.Thank you and have a great week ahead.